Planning a Pond or Lake, a Useful Guide

Below are a few important points to consider when planning your lake or lake.

Really want to build your pond away from overhanging trees? The leaves they drop will break down and produce nitrates which will encourage climber growth. Build your fish pond or lake in a place that is in sun rays for approximately half the day. cot quilts

Even a tiny fish-pond should be at least 60cm deep at one point to prevent air levels falling too low when the surface stalls (to protect invertebrates/amphibians). If perhaps you intend to keep fish in your fish pond the deeper areas are essential to protect the use Herons and felines. 

Have at least one shallow side, some of which should be well planted, for amphibians to leave the water. Short sides allow more minor plants, which in switch shelter more wildlife. Lightly sloping sides allow hedgehogs to escape, and are less dangerous in the event that a kid young child falls in. Toddlers or young children should always be supervised near to the normal water.

Before digging your fish-pond or lake, ensure there are no sewage, drinking water, or power cables jogging through your garden, check with any local utility companies/local council. Planning permission may be required, with regards to the size of the lake or pond and the area.

Remember that any tree origins near your pond or lake bed may find their way through your linings, triggering future leakages.

Before introducing fish be aware that fish eat invertebrates and tadpoles, and discourage damselflies and dragonflies, in most cases the widest variety of natural life can be found in fish ponds that do not contain fish.

Do not site your pond on marshy ground, otherwise water will tend to rise at the rear of the liner triggering future problems. If you have no other choice than to dig a tiny fish pond in an area with a higher water table one or more sumps can be dug surrounding the lake with pumps inside to artificially lower water stand, (a complicated and expensive solution though).

When the pond has been dug away, it is common practice to utilize a coating of soft sand to smooth out the surface. For the underlay a geotextile membrane is best (you could cut costs with polypropylene carpet, but remove any nails/tacks first). There are many different liners that are now available, Butyl is a superb choice because it is durable and long lasting, but polythene may also be used. The liner is usually protected by more soft fine sand and fine washed stones before the pond or lake is filled. A lot of pond and lake bed frames are constructed of concrete, often substantial liners. The traditional method is to use puddled clay, however this is difficult and expensive, so is rarely seen on new ponds and ponds. Lake building techniques are constantly changing as technology moves forward, make certain to ask the advice of several different contractors to determine the best system for your project.