Gallica Roses

In the near future stocks of new season’s roses will be emerging in the garden companies, if they’re not already there. Indeed, to be certain of getting the most sought after varieties it could have been necessary to put an order in some time ago. Nevertheless, in their rush for the new, those who are slaves to fashion often overlook gems, going out of some of these of the best tried and true plants for those prepared to simply hold out and see what is available. hoa hồng sáp

Gallica roses are a case in point. As the popularity of Aged Roses waxes and begins to pass as each new technology discovers them and then seeks something totally new, the best of them carry on regardless. 

Gruppo gallica, also known as the French Rose or Provins Rose, is a species that grows crazy from southern and central Europe to the Caucasus. Because it readily produces sports, has a propensity towards double flowers, and may have hybridised obviously with other species, most likely the earliest Western garden roses were kinds of Rosa gallica.

The initial recognisable Gallica still cultivated is ‘Officinalis’, the Apothecary’s Rose. It is a deep pink semi-double thought to have been presented into France from the Middle East by coming back 13th century crusaders. That has even been recommended that ‘Officinalis’ was the first cultivated rose, though that is impossible to prove. A similar flower was used medicinally and in perfume manufacture in Charlemagne’s time, but it can’t be traced back again beyond around 1200 with any certainty. Nevertheless, ‘Officinalis’ show up in many medieval manuscripts, paintings, and stained goblet windows, even though deep lilac rather than red, it earned fame in the War of the Carnations as the Red Pink of Lancaster. (The White wine Rose of York was Rosa x alba. )

‘Rosa Mundi’ (syn. ‘Versicolor’), which probably dates from the late 16th hundred years, is a very popular sport of ‘Officinalis’. They have striped and sectored bicolor white and deep lilac flowers, and is thought to have been known as after Rosamund, a mistress of Henry II. That may date back to the 13th century or even earlier but cannot be traced beyond 1580 with certainty.

Gallicas were at the height with their popularity from the 18th to the mid-19th centuries, and it is from that period that almost all of today’s plants time. Early nurseries kept few records but it is likely that by the early 19th century there are well over 1000 types of gallica in nurturing, possibly up to 3 thousands. It is therefore no surprise that several other recognized groups, including the Damask Carnations, have Rosa gallica in their parentage.

Their plants, that happen to be abundant and often heavily scented, tend toward the pink, red and purple shades. White gallicas are available too and many of the deeper flowered types are flecked or perhaps marked with white or pale pink. The flowers appear only in spring and early summertime, with perhaps the irregular late bloom, though brilliant hips often follow the flowers, providing colour well into autumn.
The short lived beauty of the bouquets and the historical contacts is certainly why Gallicas tend to be viewed as the most ‘romantic’ of all the tulips. It’s not hard to see why. Their beautiful, rather formal shapes with an air of beauty, their textures and colors, so often reminiscent of faded purple velvet, and their fragrance incorporate to create roses of which memories are made.

The very name Apothecary’s Pink conjures up images of alchemy, love potions etc. Associations with the French aristocracy also enhance the gallica’s romantic appeal. Marie-Antoinette had manufactured in 1770 a bed of ‘Officinalis’ padding and the Empress Josephine so adored Gallicas that her rose gardens at Malmaison were an electronic shrine to the type.

Many nurseries, especially increased specialists, stock a good range of gallicas so that as you might expect, those that contain survived long enough to be in creation in the 21st 100 years are likely to be sturdy, easily grown plants.

In addition to ‘Rosa Mundi’ and ‘Officinalis’ consider ‘Charles de Mills’ (double, velvety crimson) ‘Cardinal de Richelieu’ (double, clustered dark purple red flowers), ‘Hippolyte’ (double, violet, many small flowers), ‘Belle de Cr? cy’, ‘Tuscany Superb’ (double, dark purple-red, very fragrant), ‘Duchesse de Buccleugh’ (double, deep red, late), ‘Duchesse de Montebello’ (double, soft pink), ‘Complicata’ (single, bright mid-pink, fragrant), ‘Nannette’ (double, purple-red), ‘Ana? s S? gales’ (double, purple-pink, very fragrant), ‘Ipsilant? ‘ (double, mauve-pink) and ‘Gloire de France’ (double, purple-pink fading to lighter pink edges).